Ivan Vasilyevich Turchaninov (Russian: Ива́н Васи́льевич Турчани́нов; December 24, 1821 – June 18, 1901), better known by his Anglicised name of John Basil Turchin, was a Union army brigadier general in the American Civil War. He led two critical charges that saved the day at Chickamauga and was among the first to lead soldiers up Missionary Ridge.
From left to right- Gen. John Basil Turchin [8th Brigade], Colonel Charles Henry Grosvenor, Lt. A W S Minear, Dr. William Parker Johnson, Col. Josiah Given [18th and 74th Ohio]—-
Surviving members of the original 18th Ohio Militia. Photo courtesy Hugh Humphrey.
Emigration to the United States
In 1856, while serving in Poland, suddenly emigrated to the U.S. with his young wife, Nadezhda Dmitrievna (née Lviv). There was no material reason for this was, on the contrary, at the time of emigration Turchaninov had a distinguished career. He served as a chief of staff housing in Poland, enjoyed the location of the Emperor with opened up bright prospects in front of him. Apparently, Turchaninov was moved by adventure in the best sense of the word: the desire to take part in the construction of the young country. As a result, in 1858 with the rank of colonel, he was expelled from the service of the Russian army.
Upon arrival in the U.S. first couple Turchaninova unsuccessfully tried to farm and went bankrupt. That’s when Ivan Turchaninov changed its name to American way, and was called John Basil Turchin, his wife Nadezhda took the name Nadine. Acquainted with the realities of American life, Turchin realized that the U.S. has no less problem than Russia. In a letter to Herzen, in 1859, he wrote the following:
“With my full disappointment I do not see any real freedom here … This republic – a haven for the rich who commit the most horrible crimes and the most darkest dids are paid with the money… As for me personally, I thank America for one thing: she helped me kill outright aristocratic prejudices and relegated me to the level of an ordinary mortal; … I can handle any hard work”
Turchin graduated from engineering school, and Nadine – medical. In 1859, the family settled in Chicago, Illinois. The city and the state they lived until his death. Turchin took a job with the Illinois Central Railroad as an engineer-surveyor. Turchaninov’s family became financially secure and rised up to the high society ladder. So Ivan Turchaninov was friends with the owner George Makklelanom and lawyer Abraham Lincoln. The first of them during the Civil War he was commander in chief of the Union Army, and the second is known, took over as president of the United States.
Post-war career and legacy
After a heart attack in October 1864 Turchin retired from military service, he returned to Chicago and worked there as a patent attorney and a building engineer. Later, he was engaged in the real estate business and the resettlement of immigrants in southern Illinois. Apparently, feeling sympathy for the Poles in 1873, Turchin founded in Illinois Radom Polish colony, which soon became a thriving settlement. During this time he wrote a number of works on the history of the Civil War: “The Battle of Missionary Ridge,” “The experience and the experience of the Civil War,” and others. In these works he systematized and summarized obtained in the course of the war experience. So far in military scientific works Turchin did not lost value.
One of the consequences of a heart attack was the gradual deterioration of mental activity. All this time, his wife Nadine Turchin was it a reliable support and help.
Turchin wrote to Emperor Alexander II application for permission to return to Russia, but he was refused.
Turchin have fallen into poverty, but the soldiers of Turchin did not forget about their commander. His former subordinates Senator Joseph B. Faraken and General SH Grovoner got him a small pension from the U.S. Congress – $ 50. Turchin died in poverty in 1901 in hospital in Ann (Illinois) being 79 years of age. He was buried with military honors at the military cemetery in Mount City (IL). Nadine has survived her husband and died in 1904. She was buried beside her husband.
Since Turchin, as soldiers of the U.S. Army, are buried in the military cemetery, their graves are maintained by the state.
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