The Republic of Dagestan is a federal subject—republic—of the Russian Federation, located in the North Caucasus region.
Dagestan has great ethnic diversity, with several dozen ethnic groups and subgroups, most of which speak either Caucasian, Turkic, or Iranian languages.
Largest among these ethnic groups are the Avar, Dargin, Kumyk, and Lezgin.
While Russians form only a small proportion (4.7%) of the population, Russian remains the primary official language.
The word Daghestan or Daghistan means “country of mountains”, it is derived from the Turkic word dağ meaning mountain and Persian suffix -stan meaning “land of”.
Traditional dancing “Lezginka”