The Udmurt Republic is a sovereign republic within the Russian Federation. It is situated in the Western part of the Middle Urals between the Kama and Vyatka rivers.The distance between Izhevsk, the capital of the Udmurtia Republic, and Moscow, the capital of the Russian Federation, is 1325 km. The republic covers an area of 42.1 thousand sq.km which equal 0.25% of the total area of the Russian Federation. In the West and North the Udmurtia Republic borders on the Kirov region, in the East: the Perm region, in the South: Bashkortostan and Tatarstan.
The Udmurts are first mentioned in written history by Herodotos by the Greek name of “Budini” who lived around the Volga and Kama rivers. The Udmurts lived close to the Scythians and even some Greeks, Gelons, had settled as fur traders among the Udmurts. There were many fortified wooden settlements along the Kama and Vitka (Viatka) rivers inhabited by Udmurts.
During the time of Turkic – Mongol – Hun invasion of Europe some Udmurt tribes joined the Sarmatians in the great “Folk-Wandering” and settled in the Vistula basin c. 100-300 CE. They were mentioned by Ptolemy c. 150 CE. Read more…
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70% of Udmurt people have red haired gene. Scientist around the world agreed that there is common gene pool in Udmut and Irish people.